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This spring summer, It’s all about hair with curl, texture and movement. It’s the perfect time

if you haven't already, to embrace your natural texture and curls. but managing curly and wavy hair can sometimes leave you feeling frustrated. We get it!

Dealing with uneven curl patterns, frizz and tangles and waking most mornings up looking like a troll that sleeps under a bridge.

But like other types of hair, there are tips and tricks that can reduce frustration and help you love your natural curl and feel confident about being yourself.

We've put together a guide to help you get better understanding of your curl type or lack of curl, how to manage it and assist you with the products to suit your hair needs.

images from Pinterest

Caring for Curls?

While everyone has unique hair care needs, there are a few standard ways to care for curly hair. Start with these musts and then build your hair care routine for your curl type from there:

  • Get a great haircut from a stylist with expertise in curly textures.

  • Find shampoo, conditioning and styling products that work for you.

  • Using a co-wash (a product that refreshes and conditions to avoid stripping natural oils and humectants) between washing

  • Products can build up and weigh curls down, so every couple of months use a detoxing shampoo to remove any build up and refresh your bounce.

  • Avoid working against natural texture with excessive heat styling.

  • Use leave-in conditioners ,moisturisers curl-enhancing styling products and texturising sprays

  • Air dry as often as you can and if you need to use a dryer, add a diffuser attachment and try not to touch them as you dry, so you dont disturb the curl pattern

  • Revive curls with nourishing curl creams, sprays, or gels to add moisture and tame frizz.

Identify your hair type

Figuring out, your hair type and what curl patterns you’re working with is the first step to finding the right products and styles.

Hair movement can be classified into 4 hair types and each type has a sub type indicating the curl pattern, the tightness of the curl and the thickness of the hair.

The diagram below can help you determine your curl pattern.

  • It can be easier to analyse your hair when it is wet

  • You may have more than one curl pattern

straight hair wavy hair curly hair coil + kink

Type 1 - Straight hair

If your hair is Type 1 it has no curl pattern and is naturally straight. You will need to put time and effort into creating curls with thermal tools so don't forget a thermal protection spray.

images from Pinterest

Type 1a

your hair is type 1a if:

  • It's straight hair from root to tip

  • It doesn't hold a curl

  • It has little or no body and is usually fine.

If you are planning to curl your hair you will need:

  • a thermal protector

  • Volumising and strong hold styling products to help create the curls

  • a hairspray to finish and hold your look.

A curling wand is the best tool to use to achieve curls and remember to start with a smaller tighter curl as it will drop.

Type 1b

Your hair is type 1b if:

  • Has a slight wave or kink on the ends

  • the texture is fine to medium with some volume

  • Your hair straight but has a slight kink toward the ends

If you are planning to curl your hair you will need

  • a mouse or styling lotion for hold

  • a texture spray to finish

  • Thermal protection spray

Your hair will curl easily and you could use thermal tools or blow-dryer and round brushes

Type 1c

Your hair is type 1c if:

  • It's thicker, coarse and straight

  • It can be prone to frizzy and dryness

  • It's either very straight or has a bit of movement

When styling it curly:

  • Go for a softer looser result using an iron,

  • Use gels or styling creams that soften the hair

1c hair can be either hard to curl or very easy depending on the porosity and how straight it is naturally

Type 2 - Wavy hair

Wavy type 2 is the in-between hair type not straight but not really curly either

the curl pattern is an s shape and is flatter at the root getting curlier toward the end.

images from Pinterest

Type 2a

Your hair is type 2a if:

  • It has a loose tousled texture with wave toward the ends

  • It's finer with little volume

  • It can be styled easily but has a tendency to drop and sit flat

To enhance the movement and get more body when styling

  • Use sea salt sprays, texture sprays or volumizing foams that give hold and control fly-aways and frizz

  • Avoid styling creams as they can weigh the hair down

  • Light weight texture sprays and powers are best for volume and hold

  • If areas are sitting flat or straighter use a curling tool to enhance the movement

This type of hair is usually easy to style straight.

Type 2b

Your hair is type 2b if:

  • It lies flatter at the crown

  • The wave is more defined s -shapes wave starting at mid-length

  • It tends to be slightly frizzier than 2a

  • It is fine to medium in texture

To achieve more curl and movement when styling:

  • Make sure it is well hydrated by using a leave-in moisturising spray

  • Use styling creams to hold the curl and smooth out any frizz

  • Add serum and texturiser sprays its's completely dry when dry

To get a defined beachy curl comb styling cream through when wet then twist the hair into shape. let dry , then seperate the curls and finish when completely dry.

Type 2c

Your hair is type 2c if

  • Your waves start at the roots there is a more definite S- bend and it curls towards the ends.

  • The texture is medium to thick

  • It has a tendency to become dry and frizzy.

To define and encourage the curls:

  • Keep it well hydrated and conditioned with leave-in moisturising creams

  • Apply your curl creams and gels when it is very wet

  • Allow it to dry in it's curl naturally when it is 100% dry breakup the curl and fluff up the roots seperate the curl and give it volume and shape

Type 3 - Curly hair

Type 3 curly hair ranges from a light curl to tight, curly corkscrews, and usually has a combination of textures. These curl types are springier and have a more spiral shape to the strands, that wind around themselves. The hair is naturally dry and prone to frizz

images from Pinterest

Type 3a

Your hair is type 3a if:

  • Your hair curls from root to tip

  • The loops or spirals are defined but they are big and loose.

When styling your curls

  • Products with strong hold but are light in consistently are best

  • Always apply leave in moisturisers

  • After you apply your styling product twist the strands around your finger to encourage definition

  • Don't shampoo every day, instead use a co-wash or condition only to bounce up the curl

This curl type is easy to style and to straighten. But if straightened with irons can take a while to go back into its curl pattern

Type 3b

your hair is type 3b if

  • The curl pattern is a tighter ringlet

  • The curls are springy, with different textures

  • It tends to be thicker and coarser

  • It has a tendency to become dry and frizzy

to control and style your curls

  • Use moisturising creams and oils before adding styling products

  • Styling creams and milks that encourage clumping work best to define your curls

  • Only wash it every 7 to 10 days, in-beween if it needs refreshing use a co-wash or condition only

Applying products to very wet hair, shape and define the curls then letting it dry without touching it until it is 100% dry is the key to avoiding frizz.

Type 3c

Your hair is type 3c if;

  • Your curls are tight spiral corkscrews that are densely packed together

  • Each strand is fine to medium

  • You have lots of volume

  • You hair shrinks when it dry's

To control and style your curls

  • Start your routine with lighter moisturisers or oils, then work through a heavier cream to define your curls

  • Once it is dry use a leave in oil to separate and break the cast the styling creams have left

  • Leave shampooing it for as long as you can and instead wet your hair and use a leave in moisturiser to de-frizz and define the curl.

  • A co-wash can work well in-between shampoo

Similar to type 3b apply your styling products to very wet hair.

Type 4 - Coily

Type 4 hair has densely packed coils which look more like tight corkscrews or a z rather than ringlets. It's the most fragile hair texture because it has the fewest cuticle layers to protect it from dryness.

It coils, and shrinks up a lot as it dry's and this shrinkage make it lot shorter than it is.

images from Pinterest

Type 4a

Your hair is type 4a if:

  • Your dense, springy coils are either wiry or fine, and are very small in circumference

  • They are tightly coiled corkscrew with a visible s pattern

Managing your curls

  • Conditioners with richer consistency work best

  • Moisturise every day with a leave-in conditioning moisturiser

  • Leave as long as you can between shampoo's ,instead wet it and condition or spritz it with water and use a leave-in moisturising cream.

  • Apply conditioner to the ends of your hair when it is dry before you shampoo, then use a deep conditioner after

To style your hair select curls and twist then into shape using a curl cream and let dry naturally or diffuse gently. finish with an oil or cream to lock in the moisture.

Type 4b

your hair is type 4b if:

  • Instead of curling your hair bends like a z

  • The coils are defined

Managing your curls

  • Use a pre shampoo oil before you shampoo

  • Shampoo it in sections to prevent tangles

  • Use rich hydrating conditioners

  • Leave as long as you can between shampoo's instead wet it and condition or co-wash

  • Don't detangle when it's dry, use a flexible detangling brush when it is wet.

  • Apply styling creams or gels when it is very wet and stretch and twist in sections as you apply

  • Leave to dry without touching it

Type 2b hair will dry quickly so you may need to spritz with water as you are applying your styling creams.

Type 4c

your hair is 4c if:

  • Your densely packed hair is a z pattern but no definition

  • It has a lot of shrinkage

  • can look frizzy and dry

Caring for your curls

  • Use a pre shampoo oil or cream before you shampoo

  • Shampoo it in sections to prevent tangles

  • Use rich hydrating conditioners

  • Leave as long as you can between shampoo's and instead wet it and deep condition

  • Don't detangle when it's dry, use a flexible detangling brush when it is wet

Layer products before styling. first Use a liquid leave-in moisturisers followed by a leave in oil then a cream styling product.


Everyone's curls are different and your curls are unique to you. What works for one may not work for you, so it may take some trial to find the best products for your curls.

Products that have ingredients to assist in moisture retention, and are free from Parabens and Sulphates are best.

Chat with your stylist if you need some help or if you have questions about your curl type, because once you find a routine that works for you , you'll be rockin' those, bouncy curls every day.


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